Here are a few 5-min writes from Spanish 1. All are pure beginners. Their task: describe themselves. No notes, dictionary etc.
First, Angela. She is Filipina and English is her 3rd language. This is stunning writing.
Q: How did she do it?
A: Duolingo. She estimates 10-15 min/day “but then it gets boring.”
Ang didn’t learn most of the words in here she from me.
Next, we have Ronnie. This kid is learning disabled and has an IEP. They pulled him from French in Gr 8 and 9 so he could get learning support. Ronnie has some spelling issues and he doesn’t have a staggering variety of vocab. But this is clear and easy to follow. We have never done any “writing practice” in class, yet he can do this.